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The Rise of the Research University

The Rise of the Research University: A Sourcebook is out from the University of Chicago Press. Read Fichte, Humboldt, and Schelling alongside Eliot, Gilman, and Hutchins.

The modern research university is a global institution with a rich history that stretches into an ivy-laden past, but for as much as we think we know about that past, most of the writings that have recorded it are scattered across many archives and, in many cases, have yet to be translated into English. With this book, Paul Reitter, Chad Wellmon, and Louis Menand bring a wealth of these important texts together, assembling a fascinating collection of primary sources—many translated into English for the first time—that outline what would become the university as we know it.

The editors focus on the development of American universities such as Cornell, Johns Hopkins, Harvard, and the Universities of Chicago, California, and Michigan. Looking to Germany, they translate a number of seminal sources that formulate the shape and purpose of the university and place them next to hard-to-find English-language texts that took the German university as their inspiration, one that they creatively adapted, often against stiff resistance. Enriching these texts with short but insightful essays that contextualize their importance, the editors offer an accessible portrait of the early research university, one that provides invaluable insights not only into the historical development of higher learning but also its role in modern society.

Here is a look at the Table of Contents:

General Introduction

Part 1:  German Research Universities

1          Friedrich Gedike, Report to King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Germany

2          Johann David Michaelis, On the Importance of Protestant Universitiesimg_0003 in Germany

3          Friedrich Schiller, What Is Universal History and Why Study It? An Inaugural    Academic Lecture

4          Friedrich Schleiermacher, Occasional Thoughts on German Universities in the German Sense

5          J. G. Fichte, A Plan, Deduced from First Principles, for an Institution of Higher Learning to Be Established in Berlin, Connected to and Subordinate to an Academy of Sciences

6          F. W. J. Schelling, Lectures on the Method of Academic Study

7          Wilhelm von Humboldt, On Germany’s Educational System

Part 2:  Americans Abroad and Returning

8          George Ticknor and George Bancroft, Letters to Thomas Jefferson and Edward        Everett

9          Richard Theodore Ely, American Colleges and German Universities

10        Henry Tappan, On German Universities

11        James M. Hart, German Universities: A Narrative of Personal Experience

Part 3:  American Adaptations

12        The Morrill Act

13        Daniel Coit Gilman, The Utility of Universities

14        G. Stanley Hall, Opening Exercises

15        Andrew D. White, The Relations of the National and State Governments to Advanced Education

16        William Rainey Harper, The University and Democracy

Part 4:   Undergraduate Education in the University

17        Charles William Eliot, The New Education

18        Noah Porter, Inaugural Address

19        Charles William Eliot, Liberty in Educationimg_0004

20        James McCosh, The New Departure in College Education, Being a Reply to President Eliot’s Defence of It

21        Friedrich Nietzsche, On the Future of Our Educational Institutions

Part 5:   Diversity and Inclusion, Female University Students

22        Diversity and Inclusion: Introduction

23        Helene Lange, Higher Schools for Girls and Their Mission: Companion Essay

24        J.B.S. and M.F.K., Women at the German Universities: Letters to the Editor of the  Nation

25        Decree on the Admission of Women to Universities

Part 6:   General Education

26        General Education: Introduction

27        Charles Sears Baldwin, Editorial: A Focus for Freshmen

28        John J. Coss, The New Freshman Course in Columbia College

29        Robert Maynard Hutchins, General Education

30        Harry D. Gideonse, The Higher Learning in a Democracy

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